Apnea is a Greek word that means “without oxygen.” In plain English, it says ‘breathing stoppage.’ You may have sleep apnea if you can’t breathe properly when dreaming and have to wake up gasping for air. This can happen anywhere from 20 to 60 times every hour. Your movement must be controlled when you sleep in order to diagnose it. Learn more about Metro Sleep.
Sleep apnea is described as the interruption of breathing for more than 10 seconds and occurring more than a few times while sleeping. It involves an apnoeic condition that lasts 10 to 90 seconds and allows you to stop breathing.
Each hour of your night could have a number of episodes. Since most individuals are unaware that they have a problem, they do not pursue care.
There are three different forms of sleep apnea:
- Central Sleep Apnea is the most common form of sleep apnea (CSA)
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a form of sleep apnea that (OSA)
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most prevalent form of sleep apnea that most people have. That normally happens when the airway collapses and your throat muscles or fat tissue, uvula (hanging tissue at the back of your throat), tonsils, and tongue obstruct it. Your brain sends messages to your body that your breathing is being obstructed, causing you to wake up.
As a consequence of the constant lack of oxygen during the episode, the likelihood of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular complications will increase. Narcolepsy (sudden lapses of consciousness) and prolonged daytime sleepiness are also potential side effects.
Large tonsils and adenoids (especially in children), overweightness, poor muscles, or an abnormal physical structure may all contribute to OSA obstructions (larger tongue or uvula or narrow airways, etc).
Constricted sleeping positions, asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergies, and constant fatigue are some of the other factors that may trigger obstructive sleep apnea.
Central Sleep Apnea (CSA) is a less prevalent form of sleep apnea. It typically happens when the breathing muscles cease for a short amount of time because the brain’s connectivity is interrupted. There are also signs such as numbness in body sections, variations in the speech, body fatigue, and trouble swallowing, in addition to the same symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea.
CSA signs include inattentiveness, heart failure, elevated blood pressure, irritability, and prolonged daytime sleepiness, which are close to obstructive sleep apnea. You will also undergo an aftereffect known as “Ondine’s luck,” which allows you to have trouble breathing comfortably while sleeping.
Patients with CSA who reside above sea level, or who have had heart problems or brain trauma, can experience an apnoeic episode when awake.
CSA and OSA are also present in mixed sleep apnea. It happens because the airways are obstructed and the brain isn’t working properly.
Snorers routinely exhale a large amount of fluid, stretching the inner soft tissue of the mouth. When time passes, the stretching can result in a blockage of airflow.
When you are unable to inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide owing to respiratory problems at night, the oxygen balance would be impaired. Your subconscious would have to wake you up in that situation in order to reset your respiratory function.
The awakening is both inevitable and vital to your existence. Your throat and tongue muscles will be activated, and your airway will be expanded as a result of this awakening. However, your sleep is broken from the moment you get up, and you are tired the whole day.